En marge du sommet de l’Union Africaine à Addis-Abeba, les chefs d’Etats de la CEDEAO ont tenu un sommet extraordinaire sur la situation en Guinée, au Mali et au Burkina Faso.
La Conférence des chefs d’État et de gouvernement a décidé de maintenir les sanctions existantes contre les trois pays et d’imposer une interdiction de voyager aux membres du gouvernement et autres hauts fonctionnaires dans les trois pays.
Aussi, elle rejette totalement l’action unilatérale prise par les Autorités de Transition en Guinée concernant la mise en œuvre de la feuille de route de la transition.
S’agissant de la Guinée, les Chefs d’Etat et de Gouvernement ont rappelé le calendrier de transition consolidé de 24 mois couvrant les dix (10) domaines prioritaires pour les autorités de transition élaboré conjointement avec
Ils ont appelé le gouvernement de transition à respecter l’esprit de l’accord signé entre la CEDEAO et la République de Guinée le 21 octobre 2022 à Conakry portant création du Comité conjoint de suivi et d’évaluation, et à s’abstenir de toute action unilatérale risquant de porter atteinte à l’esprit de collaboration des deux.
Les dirigeants ouest-africains ont exhorté les autorités guinéennes à mener un dialogue national inclusif avec tous les acteurs politiques et à garantir la sécurité et la liberté de tous les participants et a instruit le président de la Commission de la CEDEAO d’accompagner le processus.
Enfin, la Conférence des chefs d’État et de gouvernement a chargé le Médiateur et la Commission de la CEDEAO de continuer à engager les autorités et à assurer la pleine mise en œuvre de la transition
Ci-dessous communiqué de la CEDEAO:
Addis-Ababa, 18‘h February 2023
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) convened an Extraordinary Summit in the margins of the 36th Ordinary Session of the African Union Assembly in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) on 18* February 2023, under the Chairmanship of E. Umaro Sissoco Embalé, President of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau and Chair of ECOWAS Authority.
- The Extraordinary Summit was convened to examine the progress made with the transitions in Burkina Faso, Guinea, and Mali, as well as the level of preparations for elections in Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and The Summit also deliberated on the update on the establishment of a Regional Force against Terrorism and for the restoration of constitutional order, and a briefing on the outcome of the EU-ECOWAS Political Dialogue that took place in Brussels, from 6’h to 7t^ February 2022.
- Present at the Extraordinary Summit were the underlisted ECOWAS Heads of state and Government or their duly mandated representatives:
- E. Jose Maria NEVES, President of the Republic ofCabo Verde;
- E. Nana Addo Dankwa AKUFO-ADDO, President of the Republic of Ghana;
- E. Umaro Sissoco EMBALO, President of the Republic of Guinea Bissau;
- E. Mohamed BAZOUM, President of the Republic of Niger,
- E. Julius Maada BIO, President of the Republic of Sierra Leone;
- E Tiémoko Meyiiet KoNE, Vice President of the Republic ofCote d’Ivoire
- E Aurélin AGBENOCi, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Benin
- E Mamadou TANGARA, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of The Gambia
- E. Amb. Dee-Maxwell SAAH XEMAYAH, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the
Republic of Liberia
- E. Geoffrey oNYEAMA, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
- EMadame ATssata TALL SALL, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Senegalese Abroad of the Republic of Senega(,
- Batengue BANKOTiNE, Permanent Representative of Togo to the African Union (AU)
- The Summit was also attended by:
- E. Mahamadou ISSOUFOU, former President of the Republic of Niger and ECOWAS Mediator for Burkina Faso;
- E. Thomas Boni YAYI, former President of the Republic of Benin and ECOWAS Mediator for Guinea;
- E. Omar Alieu TOURAY, President of the ECOWAS Commission;
- El Ghassim WANE, Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General in Mali and Head of MINUSMA; and
- Maman Sambo SIDIKOU, High Representative of the African Union for Mali and the Sahel
- The Heads of State and Government considered the reports presented by the ECOWAS Mediators for Burkina Faso, Guinea, and
- They also considered the Memorandum on the Transition processes in the region presented by E. Omar Alieu TOURAY, President of the ECOWAS Commission.
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government commended the quality of the reports and memorandum and took note of the recommendations contained
- The authority of Heads of State and Government expressed gratitude all the Heads of State who played a critical role in the release of the forty-nine (49) Ivorian soldiers in
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government took note of reports on implementation of the transition roadmaps in Mali, Guinea and Burkina They also took note with concern of the dire humanitarian and security challenges in the three countries particularly in Burkina and Mali. The Authority instructed the Commission, in closecollaboration with the ECOWAS mediators, to monitor and to report back to the next session of the Authority on the implementation of the various transition roadmaps.
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government took note of the report by the ECOWAS Mediator and of wq *pine the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding between Burkina Faso and ECOWAS on the establishment of the Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanism of the 24-month transition timetable in the
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government reiterated its call on the internationa( partners to mobilise the requisite resources to complement the efforts of ECOWAS and the national authorities towards addressing the socio-political, security, and humanitarian challenges the country is facing. The Authority instructs the Commission to coordinate the support of Partners.
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government recalled the consolidated 24-month transition timetable covering the ten (10) priority areas for the transition authorities jointly developed with
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government called on the Transition Government to respect the spirit of the agreement that was signed betweenECOWAS and the Republic of Guinea on 21“ October 2022 in Conakry on the establishme nt of the joint Monitoring and Evaluation Committee, and to refrain from any unilateral action that risks undermining the spirit of collaboration of the two
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government strongly urged the Guinean authorities to conduct inclusive national dialogue with all political actors and to guarantee the security and freedom of all participants and instructed the President of the ECOWAS Commission to accompany the process
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government instructed the Mediator and the ECOWAS Commission to continue to engage the Authorities and ensure full implementation of the transition
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government noted the report on the transition process and the establishment of a Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanism of the transition timetable comprising the government, ECOWAS, AU, UN, the ECOWAS Mediator, a Steering Committee, and a Technical The Authority instructs the President of the Commission to continue to support inclusive transition process in Mali and to keep them informed.
II. JOINT REQUEST FOR LIFTING SANCTIONS
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government was informed about the request of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Burkina Faso, Guinea, and Mali, for the Authority to lift the sanctions imposed on them following their respective coups d’état.
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government decided to maintain the existing sanctions on all the three countries, and to impose travel ban on members of Government and other senior officials in all three
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government totally reject the unilateral action taken by the Transitional Authorities in Guinea with respect to the implementation of the transition road
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government reiterates the need to open the political space to all stakeholders in the three countries and to ensure inclusive political
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government instructed the President of the ECOWAS Commission to support the implementation of the transition roadmaps and to reinforce security and humanitarian support to the affected countries to alleviate the suffering of the
- The Authority of Heads of State and Government calls on the UN, AU, and all International Partners to support the implementation of the ECOWAS decisions on the three
III. ON THE ELECTORAL PROCESSES
- The Heads of State and Government noted the progress made and the challenges being encountered in the electoral processes of the three countries organizing presidential elections in 2023, namely Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and
- The Authority called on the ECOWAS Commission to expedite the review of the 2001 Supplementary Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance, and ensure the completion of this project, with a view to strengthening democratic conduct and stability in the
- The Authority commends the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria for the efforts deployed so far aimed at securing a secure environment for the peaceful conduct of the general The Heads of State and Government instructs the President of the Commission to provide the necessary technical assistance in support of the general elections through the deployment of short and long-term observation missions.
- The Heads of State and Government urged the government of Sierra Leone to intensify its efforts aimed at promoting inclusive political dialogue with all stakeholders in order to enhance the credibility of the ongoing electoral process.
- The Heads of State and Government instructed the President of the Commission to deploy the Council of the Wise to undertake a good office and pre-electoral mission to Sierra
- The Heads of State and Government instructed the President of the Commission to deploy a technical mission to hold consultations with political parties and key stakeholders including civil society, in support of the peaceful conduct of the
III. UPDATE ON THE ESTABLISHNENT OF A REGIONAL FORCE AGAINST TERRORISM AND FOR THE RESTORATION OF CONSTITUTIONAL ORDER
- The Heads of State were briefed on the outcome of the Extraordinary meeting of the ECOWAS Committee of Chiefs of Defence Staff and Chiefs of Intelligence on the establishment of a regiona(force against terrorism and for the restoration of constitutional order, held in Bissau, Repub(ic of Guinea Bissau, on 19 December The Heads of State and Government noted the progress made in the efforts to establish a regional force to combat terrorism and deter unconstitutional changes in government. To this end the Authority instructed the President of the Commission to engage with all member states, particularly those severely impacted by the situation, on the way forward.
- The Heads of State and Government instructed the President of the ECOWAS Commission to engage with the Member States to agree on the modalities for the mobilization of one (1) billion US dollars, mandatory contributions towards counter terrorism efforts under the 2020-2024 Plan of
- The Authority reiterated serious concerns over the flow of illicit arms and ammunitions, including improvised explosive devices and unmanned aerial vehicles, into the region that has enabled violent extremists and terrorist and other armed groups to control large swathes of territory and terrorize The Heads of State and Government strongly condemned the entities that are financing and enabling terrorism in the region and admonished them to desist from the nefarious acts.
- The Authority was briefed on the outcome of the 23rd Ministerial EU- ECO\/YAS Political
- The Heads of State and Government express their deep gratitude to E. Umaro Sissoko EMBALM , President of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau andChairperson of ECOWAS Authority for his leadership in ensuring the success of the Summit.
- Done at Addis-Ababa, this 18’h of February
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